See Article History Epigraphy, the study of written matter recorded on hard or durable material. Because such media were exclusive or predominant in many of the earliest human civilizations, epigraphy is a prime tool in recovering much of the firsthand record of antiquity. It is thus an essential adjunct of the study of ancient peoples; it secures and delivers the primary data on which historical and philological disciplines alike depend for their understanding of the recorded past. In a narrower sense, epigraphy is the study of such documents as remains of the written self-expression of early cultures and as communication media in their own right, attesting to the development of visible sign systems and the art of writing as such. Finally, in later periods including the present, in which perishable writing media predominate, epigraphy affords insights into the styles and purposes of monumental or otherwise exceptional techniques of written recording.
Annotations to League of Extraordinary Gentlemen Volume III Chapter Two,
Etymology[ edit ] The word knight, from Old English cniht "boy" or "servant" ,  is a cognate of the German word Knecht "servant, bondsman, vassal". Swithun describes a mounted retainer as a cniht. While cnihtas might have fought alongside their lords, their role as household servants features more prominently in the Anglo-Saxon texts. In several Anglo-Saxon wills cnihtas are left either money or lands. The specific military sense of a knight as a mounted warrior in the heavy cavalry emerges only in the Hundred Years' War.
And there are numerous parallels to the band The Rolling Stones in this book. This is the s version of the statue of Britannia which appeared in previous League books. Britannia is a personification of the British Empire. In previous books she appeared on the incomplete Channel Causeway bridge near the white cliffs of Dover seen in the background , but she was in classical garb.
Lawrence of Arabia on a Brough Superior SS The origins of the crash helmet date back to the Brooklands race track in early  where the medical officer, a Dr Eric Gardner, noticed he was seeing a motor cyclist with head injuries about every 2 weeks. He got a Mr Moss of Bethnal Green to make canvas and shellac helmets stiff enough to stand a heavy blow and smooth enough to glance off any projections it encountered. He presented the design to the Auto-Cycle Union where it was initially condemned, but they later converted to the idea and made them compulsory for the Isle of Man TT races, although there was resistance from riders. Gardner took 94 of these helmets with him to the Isle of Man, and one rider who hit a gate with a glancing blow was saved by the helmet.