Discover how scientists determine the age of fossils, rocks, and other geologic phenomena by using the known half-lives of isotopes within each specimen, a technique known as radioactive dating. Radioactive Dating Ever wonder how scientists concluded the age of the earth to be about 4. Well, scientists are able to answer all of these wondrous questions and more by use of a process called radiometric, or radioactive, dating. Radioactive dating enables geologists to record the history of the earth and its events, such as the dinosaur era, within what they call the geologic time scale. Radioactive dating uses the ratios of isotopes and their specific decay products to determine the ages of rocks, fossils, and other substances. Radioactivity Defined Elements occur naturally in the earth, and they can tell us a lot about its past.
Radiometric dating - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Radiometric dating Radiometric dating is the determination of the date at which materials were formed by analyzing the decay of radioactive isotopes that were incorporated into the material when it was created and which presumably have not diffused out. Probably the best known form of radiometric dating is radiocarbon dating , which uses carbon Rubidum-Strontium dating is also popular. Most materials decay radioactively to some extent, but the decay rates of most are so long that, for all practical purposes, they can be considered inert. The remainder are said to be radioactive. Radioactive materials can decay in any of several ways, emitting either a particle or radiation and changing to a different element or isotope.
Radioactive decay[ change change source ] All ordinary matter is made up of combinations of chemical elements , each with its own atomic number , indicating the number of protons in the atomic nucleus. Elements exist in different isotopes , with each isotope of an element differing in the number of neutrons in the nucleus. A particular isotope of a particular element is called a nuclide. Some nuclides are naturally unstable.
Atmospheric nuclear weapon tests almost doubled the concentration of 14C in the Northern Hemisphere. It is a type of radiometric dating. The method uses the radioactive isotope carbon Most organic matter contains carbon.