More ambiguously, there are 17 of Shakespeare's plays which may or may not be called comedies, depending on the source of analysis or commentary, depending on whether the so-called [Shakespearean problem play problem plays] of Shakespeare are counted, and well and the romance-plays of Shakespeare. Most of Shakespeare's romance plays appeared late in his life and include plays such as The Tempest and Cymbeline. A Shakespearean comedy is one that has a happy ending, usually involving marriages between the unmarried characters, and a tone and style that is more light-hearted than Shakespeare's other plays. Patterns in the comedies include movement to a " green world ",  both internal and external conflicts, and a tension between Apollonian and Dionysian values.
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Divine Comedy - Wikipedia
Periods[ edit ] The Alexandrine grammarians , and most likely Aristophanes of Byzantium in particular, seem to have been the first to divide Greek comedy into what became the canonical three periods: These divisions appear to be largely arbitrary, and ancient comedy almost certainly developed constantly over the years. Born in BC, his works, with their pungent political satire and abundance of sexual and scatological innuendo, effectively define the genre today. Aristophanes lampooned the most important personalities and institutions of his day, as can be seen, for example, in his buffoonish portrayal of Socrates in The Clouds , and in his racy anti-war farce Lysistrata.
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